At present, the industrial robot market has developed rapidly, accounting for about 1/3 of the global market share, making it the world's largest industrial robot application market. Industrial robot accounts for 67% of the overall robot market, higher than the international 63% level. In addition, a series of policy documents such as "Robot Industry Development Plan 2016-2020" have been promulgated in recent years, and a series of policy documents such as the "Robot Industry Development Plan 2016-2020" have been promulgated. The major breakthroughs in realizing key parts and high-end products of robots have been clearly put forward to achieve great improvements in the quality and reliability of robots, market share and leading enterprises Ascension requirements. The scale of China's robot industry expanded rapidly, maintaining a growth rate of over 20% in the recent five years. In the first seven months of this year, 71,600 industrial robots were produced, an increase of 57% over the same period of last year.
Market status quo: big cake cut away by foreign companies
China's industrial robot market developed rapidly, accounting for about 1/3 of the global market share, is the world's largest industrial robot applications market. Industrial robot accounts for 67% of the overall robot market, higher than the international 63% level. In addition, a series of policy documents such as "Robot Industry Development Plan 2016-2020" have been promulgated in recent years, and a series of policy documents such as the "Robot Industry Development Plan 2016-2020" have been promulgated. The major breakthroughs in realizing key parts and high-end products of robots have been clearly put forward to achieve great improvements in the quality and reliability of robots, market share and leading enterprises Ascension requirements. The scale of China's robot industry expanded rapidly, maintaining a growth rate of over 20% in the recent five years. In the first seven months of this year, 71,600 industrial robots were produced, an increase of 57% over the same period of last year.
But the other side of the fast growth is already behind the starting line. At present, the density of industrial robots in our country (the number of industrial robots used per 10,000 workers) is low. At present, there are only 40 industrial robots owned by 10,000 workers in manufacturing industry in our country. Although these two years have increased, only half of the international average is less than 15% of that in developed countries. According to the "Robot Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)", industrial robot density will reach 150 or more by 2020, but it is only one-third of the current density of industrial robots in Korea. In addition, Li Yi said that China's industrial robot industry has developed rapidly, but there is always the problem that the core competitiveness of the industry is not strong. Technical level is not high enough, its own brand rate is low, only 30%. Most domestic industrial robots are three-axis to five-axis, six-axis high-end robots, 85% are foreign brands, and intelligent applications are just beginning. In this regard, China Machinery Industry Federation, vice president, former chief engineer of the Ministry of Machinery Industry Zhu Sen also expressed his concern: "If you do not grasp the market now, a few years later, and then want to reclaim the more difficult, the development of the robot industry The space is smaller. "
Due to the current domestic robot precision, life expectancy, there is a big gap between the reliability of the domestic enterprises to use domestic industrial robot initiative. Indeed, judging from the scale of exhibitions and the practical application of some smart workshops that reporters have visited, the four major families are still in full swing.
"Every year we go to participate in the identification of some robots, but I am a little guilty." Zhang Xianmin Dean of School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology said that in the initial identification, the physical indicators of domestic robots than some of the indicators, but the use of a period of time, Domestic-related equipment movement stability and reliability far less performance than the similar equipment in developed countries, which is the current short board.
In response to these circumstances, experts also opened a "prescription."
Li Yizhong said while encouraging domestic enterprises to use domestic robots, enterprises are encouraged to quickly grasp advanced foreign technologies through mergers and acquisitions, shareholding and strategic cooperation. For example, Midea Group acquired 94.55% of the shares of KUKA in Germany.
Jusen first that domestic robots should find the gap in the market with foreign investment, from the traditional fields gradually infiltrated by the foreign investment is now occupied by the field of electronic information and the automotive industry. "Nowadays, many traditional manufacturing areas have poor working conditions, heavy labor intensity and poor workmanship, but these areas are precisely the areas that the four families have not yet taken into consideration, such as the sanitation, furniture, grinding of castings, etc."
At the site of the summit, a textile integrator of Smart IoT Equipment Manufacturing told reporters that at present, the solution provided to customers has been using the robotic arm of a Swiss company. However, they consider that they should switch to domestication by the end of this year because the cost-effective high.
According to the latest data from the China Robotics Industry Alliance, sales of domestic multi-joint robots accelerated in 2016 with sales of over 11,000 units for the first time to 11,756 units, an increase of 92.7% over the same period of last year. The growth rate has exceeded 70% for two consecutive years, Accounting for 40.4% of the total sales of domestic industrial robots, up from the previous year
Next stop: Human-computer collaboration
At the summit, "human-computer collaboration" continued to be a hot topic of discussion. Jusen first "man-machine collaboration" as a domestic robot evolution from industrial robots to intelligent robots in the process of a stage.
Although there are many robots on assembly lines and welding lines in many factories, the task can be completed completely without human intervention and the automation is very high. But in fact, it is not smart that this robot is performing repetitive tasks based on pre-implantation procedures.
At present, the robot's online perception is much lower than that of people, it is difficult to receive abstract commands and it is difficult to communicate efficiently with people. Therefore, in many industrial scenarios it is more difficult to rely on industrial robots for fully automated production. Such as aircraft assembly is difficult to assemble as in the assembly line as in the assembly line, including aircraft, ships, aerospace fields, etc., mainly rely on artificial. In addition, many manual work robots in the labor-intensive manufacturing industry are not yet capable.
Hao Yucheng, deputy secretary general of China Robotics Industry Union, told reporters that "collaboration" is in fact a rather general concept. At present, people and machines can work alternately. In other words, the machine can sense that people are near and stop working, and when people finish their work and leave the sensing distance, they can resume their work independently. People can not work together with the machine for the time being. To achieve human-computer collaboration requires a variety of technologies, including artificial intelligence and sensors. Collaboration robots fill the gaps between fully automated and fully manual assembly lines. As early as 2015, several human-robot collaborative robots have been released by ABB, Collaborative robots are relatively lightweight and dramatically reduce the need for space, reducing the cost of many installations or plants for businesses.
Hao Yucheng pointed out that in "man-machine coordination" production, safety is a more important issue, so the conventional robot is relatively closed.
In general, collaborative robots work closely with employees without a guardrail after a complete risk assessment. Take Fanuc, a collaborative robot in Japan, as an example. It has two modes of high-speed work and collaborative work and can be switched at any time. Within a safe distance, a touch on the person will automatically switch to safe mode, repeat accuracy can reach plus or minus 0.04mm.
At the just-concluded World Robot Conference, HIT Robotics Group also exhibited for the first time a self-developed lightweight flexible manipulator capable of working with people. Once exposed, people will stop automatically to protect the safety of workers.
"Because of the price and reliability reasons, the application of collaborative robot is still not common, in fact, still a new product." Hao Yucheng said that from a security perspective, the standard is also being developed, the robot senses how far away the distance is safe There is no uniform answer yet.
Although there are still many problems that need to be verified in the application, the robot is constantly moving toward intelligence.
"Whether it is the World Robot Congress in Beijing or the Robot Exhibition in Guangzhou, one notable feature is that the industrial robots have witnessed a significant increase in their intelligence over the previous year." Li Yizhong said that artificial intelligence has now begun to be applied to the field of robots, High-performance, intelligent sensing and control technology, human-machine integration technology, high-precision motion and attitude control and other key technologies, core technology research and development breakthroughs, industrial robot intelligence will be significantly improved
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